has independent apartments in
the centre of the city (5 minutes walking distance from the spa-zone
- 200m). There is also city-bus stop (50m).
Apartments have 1 double-room
or 2 bedrooms
All apartments are equipped with
phone or cellular phone, CD player, DVD, video, with equipped kitchen or kitchenette, 2 apartments have own
air-conditioning, (other apartments do not need any air-condition)
and with own WC and shower-room or bath-room. All apartments have
own TV set.
* many good and reasonably priced
* local shops and supermarkets
Our guest have their own privacy,
but they can contact us any time and even in case of late arrivals
or any emergency when we are not at home (there is also answering
machine). 4 apartments have own intercom-phone to us and 2 have
we have safe parking in 3 garages
(small - 100 crowns, bigger - 120 crowns) or in back yard (free off
charge) and in the parking place with camera in front of our
building. Due to limited parking place - we recommend you to reserve
it also in advance
- Other facilities:
- midtown location
- our rooms will make you feel right at home. All the
rooms have been renovated and furnished with special care in a rustic style
and are suitable for persons with allergies.
- shortdistance shops, restaurants, bus-stops, post office, banks, exchanges, railway- and bus station, short distance Karlovy
Vary's airport, Prague's
- possibility to store your luggage until your departure or during your
temporary trip out of Karlovy Vary
- possibility of SAFE CAR-PARKING in 3 garages or on parking place
- full independence - no curfew. The guests receive their own keys and
they carry them with during all their stay.
- general information service and assistance provided
- you have own privacy, but you can contact us any time from both houses (room-service phone in all rooms)
bassin and spa-centre Spa
Resort Nr.V in a short distance (nearby Hotel Thermal and main
- 2 golf resorts in a distance of 5km, tennis resorts,
- a crib and an extra-bed on request
- safes in all rooms
- credit cards welcome (EC/MC, AMEX, VISA, JCB, Dinners).
Apartment is on 1st floor and is equipped by SHOWER with washer, safe, WC, BEDSIT, KITCHEN (refrigerator, microwave, el. stove, toaster, coffee-machine, dish-washer, kitchenware), TERRACE with fireplace, and garden furniture, GARAGE or parking
Larger room has 2 single beds (double bed available), , video, sat, CD player, radio, phone, fireplace, central heating, air-cleaner.
Smaller living-room with kitchen has
double divan bed and double bunk bed, air-cleaner, central heating
The depandance offer two
studio-apartments on the 2nd floor both with one double- or two-beds room and small kitchenette.
Apartment no.3 (30 m2)
Apartment is equipped by SHOWER room with WC, living room with KITCHEN (refrigerator, microwave, el. stove, toaster, coffee-machine, dish-washer, kitchenware, safe, double bed sofa, video, sat-TV, CD player, radio, phone, central heating, air-condition), TERRACE with fireplace and garden furniture, GARAGE or parking place.
BEDROOM has two beds, central heating.
Studio is equipped by SHOWER room with WC, living room with a KITCHEN line (refrigerator, microwave, el. stove, toaster, coffee-machine, dish-washer, kitchenware, safe), TERRACE with fireplace and garden furniture, GARAGE or parking place.
Room has a double bed and double sofa bed, video, sat, CD
player, radio, phone, central heating, air-condition.
| The depandance offer three luxury ****flats on the 1st floor and on the 3rd floor with a lift, all with one two- or double-bed room, bathroom with shower and kitchen
The closest apartments to the spa-zone.
Apartment is equipped by BATHROOM with shower, WC, safe and washer, KITCHEN (refrigerator, oven, el. stove, toaster, coffee-machine, mixer, dish-washer, kitchenware),
BEDSIT has two beds or double-bed and double divan bed (also available in the
kitchen), divan, video, sat, CD player, radio, central heating, and 1-2
Apartment is equipped by BATHROOM with shower, WC, safe and washer, KITCHEN (refrigerator, oven, el. stove, toaster, coffee-machine, mixer, dish-washer, kitchenware),
BEDSIT has double-bed and double divan bed (also available in the kitchen), 2
sofas, video, sat, CD player, radio, central heating, and 2 extra beds.
Apartment is equipped by BATHROOM with BATH and SHOWER, Washing-machine, KITCHEN (Refrigerator, el. stove, Oven, Toaster, Coffee-machine)
BEDSIT has 1 Double bed, sat, Video, CD Player, Radio, Phone, Central-heating.
Apartment 7 (65m2)
Apartment is on the 2nd floor with a LIFT and is equipped
by BATHROOM with washer, safe, TOILET ROOM with WC, KITCHEN (refrigerator,
microwave, cooker, toaster, coffee-machine, dish-washer, kitchenware, double
divan-bed,), 2 BEDSITS, BALCONY, parking place.
Larger room has a
double bed, double divan-bed, video, sat, CD player, radio, phone, central
Smaller bed-room has double bed,
double divan-bed, radio, central heating
( in Czech Crowns, 1 US$= (aprox.) 17CZK ), 1EURO=(aprox.)
See our unique System of Discounts!!!
1 person :
2 persons :
3 persons :
4 persons :
5 persons :
6 persons :
The above prices include: Apartment rental, Safe, Parking,
Final Cleaning, Bed/Bath linen, Electricity, Water, Heating, Taxes, Cots (free
if requested when booking is made), Pets, ice do not include: Daily Cleaning (if
requested from 250 crowns), Garage (100 crowns/day)
reservation is conditioned by providing guarantee mostly of amount
for 1-3 days:
a) FIRST NIGHT - in regular season and
out season period
b) TWO NIGHTS - stay exceeding 5 days
c) THREE NIGHTS - stay exceeding 10 days
d) EITHER 3 NIGHTS OR ALL THE STAY -
within special holidays
The guarantee does not need to be
required - within REAL low season, which would specify to you individually
The guarantee amount can be:
a) transferred to our bank account in GE Money bank a.s. in Karlovy Vary - CENTRUM, Zapadni Str.3, 36001 Karlovy Vary
account no IBAN.: CZ10 0600 0000
0040 1763 9634 BIC: AGBACZPP
Ing.Jiri Jilek Vitezna 36, Karlovy Vary,
Czech republic, 36001
please, send us a
copy of your bank order by fax (+420-353220649) as soon as possible, we
can confirm your reservation after that!
b) mailed to our address:
Jiri Jilek, Ondrickova 26, 36001 Karlovy Vary, Czech republic
please, send us a
copy of your post order by fax as soon as possible, we can confirm your
reservation after that!
c) send by cheque (We
usually do not cash the cheque, we keep it until guest arrival and than we
return it in exchange of cash).
d) guaranteed with credit card (EC/MC,
VISA, AMEX, JCB)
- we need your CC number + validity date
+ name of the holder
- can be provided by phone, E-mail or better as written order (letter or fax) including also declaration authorizing Holiday *Apartments to charge you the arranged amount
Explanation of difference between advance
payment and guarantee:
Advance payment means:
a) mailing cash by post
b) bank transfer
c) charging to your credit card now
a) cheque (we hold it until your arrival as
b) credit card guarantee - we make
pre-authorization for the arranged amount to your credit card, but we do
not really deduct it. We wait until your arrival and the we better expect
you to pay cash in our reception
we DO NOT charge any Cancellation Fee, if
client gave us opportunity to sell the room to other customer. Therefore
we kindly ask you to inform us immediately - once there would be any
change on your side. Our experience is that the fee was charged only in
case of real "No Show"
Anticipated departure gives no right to a
refund. Late arrival gives no right to prolong the stay further than the
expected time of departure.
CHECK IN : 11:00 - 18.00 CHECK
OUT: 10:00 (in a case of later check out time we can charge
1 more night)
GE Money Bank Karlovy Vary - Centrum, Zapadni 3, 36001 Karlovy Vary, Czech republic, No. 4017639634/0600, SWIFT: AGBACZPP
Send request to:
The reservation is
considered as valid after the complete filling and sending of an E-mail or fax booking form (encl. No. of credit card)
please, complete the
following form, where possible, and we will e-mail/fax you within 24 hours
with confirmation details.
and Booking form :
Elixir of vigor and health
The Karlovy Vary thermal springs
have risen from the river Tepla valley for millions of years. The
over 600 year long tradition of the spa is based on the healing
power of the mineral springs. Everyone will be fascinated by the
apparent simplicity of the natural mechanism, which transmutes
rainfall into extravagantly abundant fountains of life-giving
moisture - a real elixir of life. How does it function?
The granite bedrock under the town buildings has a fissure through which groundwater penetrates at a depth of about 2000m. There it is warmed, enriched by carbon dioxide, mineral content and tracers. And then this regenerated water either noisily or peacefully breaks forth to the light of the day. Thus, the Vridlo geyser spouts from the ground, bringing out three million liters of water a day at a temperature of 72°C. It contains 18 tons of salt and mineral content, or 6.4g on average per litre. The other springs' waters have lower temperatures, bursting forth like branches of a tree by the left bank of the Tepla river.
Karlovy Vary's springs bring to the light of the day hot
carbonated sulphate-sodium, hydrocarbonated-sodium and
chloride-sodium waters with compounds of calcium, potassium, iron,
lithium and bromine. Spring water contains over 50 substances and
microelements that form the main part of enzymatic systems of the
human body. The effect of this water on people's health was
already revealed a long time ago. The emergence and development of
the world science of water cure definitely owes a lot to those who
spearheaded it in Karlovy Vary. No wonder that their experiments
were often far from being safe and sometimes even led to deaths.
In olden times, the diseases were believed to need multiple and
continuous (up to ten hours a day) immersion in curative waters,
until the skin began to blister. Through these cracks the diseases
were thus supposed to flush away from the organism. And later this
method was enriched by drinking procedures, with consuming water,
as a rule, also in enormous quantities. Naturally, not everyone
could endure such a test. For anticipating it, patients would
often draw up their wills before leaving for the spa. A
scientifically established water cure technique was first worked
out in Karlovy Vary. It brought worldwide fame not only to this
place, but also to the whole Czech spa development. In the 16th
century, Locket's doctor Vaclav Payer introduced a new curative
therapy. In the document named "Tractatus de Termis Caroli IV
Imperatoris" published in 1522, he recommended several weeks
of continuous bathing only in the mineral water, followed by
several weeks of drinking only.
Another doctor J. S. Strobelberger preferred drinking procedures to baths. In 1620 the patients were to drink 55 cups (up to 8 liters) of water a day. In 1772 doctor David Becher reduced the recommended quantity of water to 2.5 liters and insisted on it being drunk directly by the springs. David Becher was the first to carry out a chemical analysis of the mineral waters. Later, in experiments, the results of the analysis were proven many times over.
Nowadays, a doctor, according to the patient's disease, prescribes
individual water curing procedures. The specialists determine the
water spring, quantity of water to be consumed, time of consuming
and associated procedures.
Water has an effect on the tissue of the alimentary canal
immediately after consumption. Already in the mouth it starts to
influence the production of saliva. It also influences the
functioning of the gullet, stomach and bowels. The cleansing
mechanism influences the body's metabolism, all major organs, most
of all the liver, pancreas and kidney.
As a rule, each patient's cure by local mineral water includes three weeks of water procedures, comprising two ten-day and three seven-day individual chrono-biological cycles. The average daily dosage of Karlovy Vary mineral water is 1-1.5 liters. It is usually divided into three portions, which are drunk 30-60 minutes before the meal. The integrated balneotherapeutic cure allows different methods of treatment due to the peculiarities of the unique local mineral water.
Besides drinking, mineral water is used in various procedures,
such as baths, water cure, water irrigation and detertion. Natural
mud and peat are also used in a complementary manner and are very
effective. Carbon dioxide, which extends the vessels, is used in
carbonated baths, dry carbonated applications and is also applied
under the skin to the acupunctural points - so called "gas
A doctor will prescribe particular individual procedures after a
thorough test of the patient's health. As a rule there is one main
(i.e., bathing or water cure) and one supporting (electrotherapy
and inhalations) procedure. The complex spa therapy in Karlovy
Vary is very effective. Carried out with special knowledge from
many fields of medicine, it has helped the majority of patients to
improve their health profoundly.
The beauty and calm of the nature induce philosophical
soul-searching, help to consolidate self-confidence and to
overcome troubles of life. There is no doubt, that the Karlovy
Vary spa area is a unique place in the world, which provides every
opportunity for improving health and restoring one's internal
Long medical practice shows. that spa curing and rehabilitation in
Karlovy Vary are most effective when dealing with the following
Digestive tract disorders:
- Chronic functional stomach disorders and gullet diseases of
a benign character
- Ulcer diseases of the stomach and duodenum.
- Problems after operations on the gullet, stomach and duode-
- Chronic enteric disorders
- Problems after heavy enteric infections, irritated colon,
- Chronic enteric inflammation
- Problems after an enteric operation
- Chronic gall and bile duct diseases
- Problems after acute pancreatic inflammations
- Chronic hepatopathy
- Chronic pancreatitis
- Diabetes and sequelae
- Hyper cholesterol and hyper lipoprotein in blood
- Metabolic diseases of joints, gout
- Painful diseases of spinal column of functional or dege
Rehabilitation after complex treatment of cancer cases
(pro-vided there has been no relapse.
The clinical effects of the Karlovy Vary's potable water:
Spasmolytic, meukolytic and antiflogistic effects: the water
favours enteric motility and quantitative changes in the
spectrum of the enteric microflora.
Effect on exogenous and endogenous pancreas secretion.
Promoting the choleric and cholekinetic functions (formation
and exudation of gall) as well as blood supply to the liver.
Impact on metabolism of lipids, carbohydrates and proteins.
Preventive treatment in regard to formation of choleste rol,
urea, cystic and calcium-phosphate concretions.
Depuration of kidneys and improving of its functions.
Contra indication of the spa cure:
- Acute infections of all kinds.
- Stenosis and cancers of alimentary tract.
- Poor working of the cardiovascular system.
- Renal insufficiency with edemas.
Two & Three Week Complete Spa Therapy Packages based on:
one-room small apartment - 1 bedsit,
bathroom with WC and shower or bath, kitchen (apartment 3, 4) for
one-double room small apartment - 1 bedsit, bathroom with WC and shower or bath, kitchen (apartment 3, 4)
for 2 persons
one-room apartment - 1 bedsit, bathroom
with WC and shower or bath, kitchen (apartment 5, 6, 8) for
one-double room apartment - 1 bedsit, bathroom with WC and shower or bath, kitchen (apartment 5, 6, 8)
for 2 persons
one-3bedsroom apartment - 1
bedsit, bathroom with WC and shower or bath, kitchen (apartment 5, 6, 8)
for 3 persons
one-4bedsroom apartment - 1 bedsit,
bathroom with WC and shower or bath, kitchen (apartment 5, 6, 8)
for 4 persons
two-rooms apartment - 1 bedsit + 1 double room, bathroom with WC and shower or bath, kitchen (apartment 7) for
two-rooms apartment - 1 bedsit + 1 double room, bathroom with WC and shower or bath, kitchen (apartment 7) for 3 - 4 persons
two-rooms apartment - 1 bedsit + 1 double room, bathroom with WC and shower or bath, kitchen (apartment 7) for 5 - 6 persons
without medical prescription
|Thermal water bath
||Classical Massage Partial
||Classical Massage Overall
|Alternating Leg Bath
||Alternating Leg Shower
|Water Cure Slightly Excit.
||Swimming pool + sauna
|Foot Reflexive Massage
||Children to 12 Years
||Children to 4 Years
|Prescription of a Drinking Cure
(w/o Treatment Prescription)
on medical prescription only
|Carbonated Water Bath
||Remedial Gym. Individual
||Remedial Gym. Group
|Ingredient Bath Calmonal
|Mud Pack Small
|Mud Pack Big
||4 Tanks Bath
|Lymphodrainage by Appl.
Prices are given in CZK and without any provision
Sightseeing of Spa Building No
V (Only Groups) 30 Kc / 1 person
8% discount by taking the cures for more than 4.000,- CZK (single
Cancellation 10% (by recommendation of physician 0%)
1. Fit for a
king! And for you too! "La belle époque of Karlovy Vary
15 days - Sunday
- Sunday - 30 treatments, medical examination, prescription for a
bath (pearl bath)
- 4 sessions,
calmonal or iodine) - 4 sessions,
massage - 4 sessions
massage - 4 sessions
water cure - 4
Mud pack - 4 sessions
6 sessions in any
of the swimming pool, hot air bath, steam bath, whirlpool
Tour of Karlovy Vary,
Tour of the geyser channeling mechanism, Spa walks, 3 walks + 1
walking tours information booklet, local visits - 3 trips to Jan
Becher, Moser, Leander Loucky, Travel card - 2 weekly travel cards
valid for the integrated transportation system in Karlovy Vary
price: 11450 crowns
evening entertainment: á 250 crowns
additional excursions: West Bohemian Spas or Prague 500-750 crowns
2. Health and
8 days -
Sunday - Sunday - 16 treatments
bath) - 3 sessions,
massage - 3 sessions
massage - 1 sessions
hydro massage - 2 sessions
aroma therapy - 1 session
water cure - 2
4 sessions in
any of the swimming pool, hot air bath, steam bath, whirlpool
Tour of Karlovy Vary,
Tour of the geyser channeling mechanism, Spa walks, 3 walks + 1
walking tours information booklet, local visit trip to Jan
Becher, Travel card - 1 weekly travel card valid for the integrated
transportation system in Karlovy Vary
price: 4870 crowns
á 250 crowns
3. Improve your
health and fitness at the spa, enjoy being lazy bone at home!
8 days -
Sunday - Sunday - 20 treatments
bath) - 2 sessions,
massage - 3 sessions
massage - 2 sessions
hydro massage - 3 sessions
shower - 2 sessions
water cure - 2
6 sessions in
any of the swimming pool, hot air bath, steam bath, whirlpool
Tour of Karlovy Vary,
Tour of the geyser channeling mechanism, Spa walks, 6 walks + 1
walking tours information booklet, local visit trip to Jan Becher,
Travel card - 1 weekly travel card valid for the integrated
transportation system in Karlovy Vary
price: 5670 crowns
golf, tennis contract price
4. Magic Water
8 days -
Sunday - Sunday - 20 treatments
massage - 1 session
hydro massage - 2 sessions
aroma therapy - 1 session
Sigoroll - 3 times 20 minutes
peat face musk
- 3 sessions
lymph drainage by appliance - 2 sessions
solarium - 3
times 15 minutes
6 sessions in
any of the swimming pool, hot air bath, steam bath, whirlpool
Tour of Karlovy Vary,
Tour of the geyser channeling mechanism, Cosmetic package
(hair-dresser, cosmetics, manicure, pedicure), Travel card - 1
weekly travel card valid for the integrated transportation system in
price: 4190 crowns
cosmetics - 600 750
hair dresser - 300 -
manicure - 250 crowns
pedicure - 330 - 400
entertainment - 250 crowns
laser - price according
biking, golf, tennis
5. (Not just) for
15 days - Sunday -
Sunday - 26 treatments, medical examination, prescription for a
drinking cure. The spa doctor will prescribe a suitable treatment
for you (with particular reference to your locomotive organs or
calmonal or iodine) - 6 sessions,
classic back massage -
underwater massage - 2
hydro massage - 2
Mud pack or paraffin pack - 4 sessions
electrotherapy - 4
4 sessions in any of
the swimming pool, hot air bath, steam bath, whirlpool
Tour of Karlovy Vary,
Tour of the Geyser channeling mechanism, Spa walks, 6 walking
tours of the town + 1 information booklet, local visit trip to
Jan Becher, health lecture, Travel card - 2 weekly travel cards
valid for the integrated transportation system in Karlovy Vary
price: 9930 crowns
additional excursions: to Loket (bus, guide) 250 crowns
6. Karlovy Vary -
8 days - Sunday
- Sunday - 9 treatments
bath (pearl bath) - 1
classic back massage
- 1 session
underwater massage -
aroma therapy - 1 session
hydro massage -
water cure - 1
3 sessions in any of
the swimming pool, hot air bath, steam bath, whirlpool
Tour of Karlovy Vary,
Tour of the Geyser channeling mechanism, In the footsteps of the
famous, Learn about giants of the cultural world at one of talks, Local
visit trip to Jan Becher, Travel card - 1 weekly travel card valid
for the integrated transportation system in Karlovy Vary
price: 3960 crowns
3 scheduled cultural
events á 250 crowns
cosmetic packet small
- 1000 crowns
f) SPA OFFER
RELAXATION (water cure,
classic back massage, swimming pool, hot air bath, steam bath,
whirlpool) price: 756 crowns
TOUCH (water cure,
underwater massage, swimming pool, hot air bath, steam bath,
whirlpool) price: 895 crowns
A (Hydro massage, Peat face musk, swimming pool, hot air bath, steam bath, whirlpool) price: 650 crowns
BEAUTY B (Massage Sigoroll 3 times 10 minutes, Peat face musk, aroma therapy, swimming pool, hot air bath, steam bath, whirlpool) price: 860 crowns
SENIORS (Exercises in the pool, remedial gymnastics on guided spa walk in tours, alternating leg shower) price: 640 crowns
BESPOKE PACKAGE(choice of 3 treatments : pearl bath 355 crowns, water cure 355 crowns, underwater massage 495 crowns, hydro massage 395 crowns, classic back massage 360 crowns, swimming pool, hot air bath, steam bath, whirlpool 90 crowns)
Schirnding - Cheb -
Marianske Lazne -
Sokolov, Marianske Lazne, Jachymov, Ostrov, Bozi Dar
Prague, Brno, Plzen, Kladno, Jihlava, Uherske Hradiste, Ceske Budejovice,
Pisek, Jindrichuv Hradec, Melnik, Mlada Boleslav, Jicin, Hradec Kralove,
Nuremberg, Wurzburg, Frankfurt, Cologne, Düsseldorf, Marktredwitz,
Weiden, Chemnitz, Annaberg
Rotterdam, The Hague, Amsterdam, Utrecht
Trencin, Liptovsky Mikulas, Poprad, Presov,
Carlsbad International Airport - Olsova Vrata was built in 1929 and modernized in 1999 and 2000. It can take private, charter and commercial flights. Flying companies ČSA and Aeroflot provide scheduled service Moscow - Carlsbad. Flights Tel Aviv - Carlsbad are also provided during spa season.
Flight schedules is
available at www.csa.cz The airport can be reached by public transport line No. 8 to the "Letiste" station.
Olsova Vrata, tel. 333 11 02
Ticket Sale and Booking:
ČSA, Mírové nám. 2, tel. 322 78 55
Information on Flight Schedules:
ČSA, Mírové nám. 2, tel. 322 57 60
Airport Customs Checkpoint,
Olsová Vrata, tel. 333 10 33
Karlovy Vary-AIRPORT-Karlovy Vary (only Thursday, Sunday)
Karlovy Vary Airport
valid from: 2.3.2003
- KARLOVY VARY
1.5. - 30.9 2003
VARY - PRAHA
4.5. - 28.9 2003
5.7.- 13.7. 2003
History of the Town and its
most likely all began with the Royal Hunt ...
fortress Loket. Lithography
of T. G. Funk dated 1680
There, where the River Ohre - one of the tributaries of
the Elbe - forms a curve and is configured in such a way
as to remind one of an arm bent at the elbow, has stood,
since the middle of the 13th century, the castle fortress
of Loket (Elbow). In the 14th century here was sited one
of the residences of the King of the Czech lands and ruler
of the Holy Roman Empire, Charles IV, the very same man
whose name is given to the town, the region, University of
Central Europe, Charles Bridge in Prague and to a whole
plethora of other places on Czech territory which have
linked their existence to this powerful historical figure.
The hilly, bush-covered forests and places carved out of
river valleys which surrounded Loket seemed at the time,
to the Emperor and his entourage, ideal as a place for
Painting by W.Kandler, 1878
Charles IV came here quite regularly and legend has it
that he discovered a mineral spring here. For decades this
was passed down by word of mouth. But only in the middle
of the 16th century was it first mentioned in the history
book of Caspar Bruschius. Later, in 1571, the legend was
described in full in the book of another historian, Fabian
Sommer, and gained a semblance of verisimilitude.
According to this ancient legend, Charles IV was tracking
a stag with a pack of dogs. On the bank of the river Tepla
- a tributary of the Ohre - one of the dogs fell into a
hot spring and scalded itself. Approaching the spring,
subsequently named Vridlo (Geyser), the King was struck by
this unusual creation of nature. Then, in the presence of
his physicians, he supposedly declared that the waters had
curative properties and could cure many serious maladies.
Incidentally, the thermal springs were long known to those
living locally. Not for nothing did the Slavs call this
place Vary (the plural form of their word
"boiling") . But it was actually Charles IV,
according to legend, having discovered this live geyser,
who gave the order to found a settlement on the site,
which was then elevated, around 1348, to the rank of a
town, later receiving bearing his name. Quite possibly,
that is how Karlovy Vary came to be.
In any case, it is certainly true that ten years later an
imperial hunting lodge was constructed here, and also a
prismatic tower built in Gothic style, never once
reconstructed and preserved to this day.
An Imperial edict of October 14, 1370 granted the citizens
of the new town various rights, freedoms and privileges,
which since olden times have been preserved by the Loket
town authorities. At that time, amidst the rocky crevices
of the Tepla River valley, there were something like 40
In 1401 the son of the Great Emperor Vaclav IV gave the
town a security guarantee against arbitrary rule by
various predatory mercenaries who were liable to act in
the interests of one warring clan or another. Probably,
this was why even the bloody Hussite wars (1419-1434)
avoided the geyser valley. After that, Karlovy Vary's
privileges were confirmed by other Czech rulers, such as
Sigismund Luxembourgsky, Ladislav Pohrobek, Jiri of
Podebrad and Vladislav Jagellonsky.
church of St Mary Magdelane's
The development of Karlovy Vary continued, the town was
built quickly by the standards of the day. The best
building plots were allotted to Church projects.
||St. Ondrej's church
As is known, by 1485, on the right bank of the River Tepla, a single nave Gothic Roman Catholic Church began to rise - St. Mary Madeleine. And the appearance in the town cemetery of the remains of St. Ondrej can be dated approximately to 1500. There was also civil construction. In 1520, on the left bank of the river, a town hall building was raised, and in 1531, from monies received by way of the resort's takings, a charity hospital of The Holy Ghost was founded.
A plan of the town preserved from the 16th century confirms that the banks of the Tepla were then built on more than other places. On the left side stood the trade and administrative centre: the market, the town hall, and higher up, on the rocks, the prismatic Castle tower. On the right hand side was laid out the triangular square of St. Mary Magdelane's from where the road to Prague led. The square and the centre were joined by a bridge. The architectural aspect of the buildings speaks of the predominating influence of two styles of the time - Gothic and Renaissance.
In those days ever more visitors were coming to Karlovy
Vary, and the resort facilities began to be built on the
basis of the scientific methodology (as then practiced) of
treatment using mineral waters.
The popularisation of the resort was helped by the famous
Czech humanist and poet Bohuslav Hasistejnsky (1460-1510).
His ode, dedicated to the geyser at Karlovy Vary was first
published in Latin and French in 1509, going on to be
translated into 24 languages.
The town had become a little cramped and while the central part was creaking at the seams, it was branching out to new lands. The richest locals invested money in buying up woodlands and land plots in neighboring villages.
However, the end of the 16th century and the beginning of
the next one were in truth a black period in the life of
Karlovy Vary. The town suffered a natural calamity of such
destructive force that it's very future existence seemed
Karlovy Vary. Old engraving
First was the flooding over the banks of the River Tepla
(1582). Of the 102 dwellings, flooding completely
destroyed 36 and partially ruined 18.
Then in 1604 a great blaze was started, as result of which
only three houses were left standing. Of everything
created by the generations, only memories remained, and
some preserved fundamentals, but the enterprising nature
of the citizens had not disappeared, a nature that seemed
to get stronger with each woe. They did not fall into
despair but began to collect the means for overcoming the
consequences of the fire from all across the land.
Sacrifices came from towns , nobility and citizens of
substance, special ambassadors went abroad returning with
money. The enlightened Emperor Rudolph II of the Austrian
Hapsburg dynasty was ruling at the time. He was renowned
not only as a patron of the arts but as a jealous defender
of the Treasury's finances. In 1609 the ruler embarked on
what was then an unprecedented step for him: he freed the
town from all tax obligations for five years and earmarked
for construction the Treasury's own plots of land.
marble plaque with the Latin text
The Ode to Vridlo (Mlynska Kolonada)
The town rose from the ashes, like the mythical Phoenix. Within a few years dozens of new homes had been built, and stone ones besides, not wooden like before. In 1614 neighboring villages of Dalovice, Vseborovice and Vysoka were bought up and became new town quarters. However, the Thirty Years War between the Catholics and the Protestants in Europe, which broke out in 1618, brought new trials and tribulations. Karlovy Vary was pillaged both by interventionist forces (Saxons and Swedes), and by the Austrians called in to defend the town. The people's lot was ruin, epidemic and hunger.
town of Karlovy Vary in 1650. Lithography
With the ending of military hostilities, a new era of
progress quickly took hold. The essence of a new town is
depicted in a 1650 lithograph: a town built on the site of
the 1604 fire and reconstructed after the war. We can see
that the general plan had practically stayed the same in
the 17th century. Houses stretched along a narrow river
valley, surrounded on all sides by hills. At the same time
a broadening of the town was undertaken, by way of
construction on the slopes of the hills facing the river.
Multi-storeyed houses appeared with high triangular
pediments. Between buildings the space in the form of
gardens or courtyards had disappeared. The entrance to
these houses was straight from the street.
There is documentary evidence to show that at that time in
Karlovy Vary there were registered 122 houses and 1,454
inhabitants. The most prestigious place was considered to
be the market area and the Geyser. The cost of land
adjoining them was the highest. Therefore, only citizens
of real substance built on or acquired land for housing
The second half of the 17th century was marked by an
enlivening of all aspects of commercial activities of the
town. Praise for the salubrious springs attracted ever
more people to the place, all wanting deliverance from
ailments or to strengthen their health.
Thanks to the efforts of the doctors and the enterprise of
the citizens, the prestige of Karlovy Vary as an
international resort continued to grow. It had become a
fashionable place for meeting aristocrats from Austria and
Germany, Russia and Poland.
At the same time, local crafts were flourishing, owing to the rich visitors. Craftsmen working with tin, made imitation silver dishes and utensils; armorers crafted masterpieces, for example swords and daggers decorated with encrusted silver and gold and which were the pride of many noblemen's arsenals and collections. Even such simple items, such as hairpins and stud pins were produced here with particular craftsmanship. There was a special branch of craft preparing glasses and cups for drinking the curative waters with glass fretwork and engraving.
The souvenirs that visitors to Karlovy Vary regarded above
all else were the inlays made out of so called Vridlovec -
petrified mineral salts.
Box garnished with Vridlovec
The economic upturn stimulated a building boom at the turn
of the 17th and 18th centuries, during which Gothic and
Renaissance styles were finally ousted as architectural
schools by the new style - Baroque. It was precisely in
this style, in 1701, that the first monumental public
building, called the Saxon Hall was erected, and next to
which later (1728) was built the Czech Hall in the same
style. Both occupied the square where today stands the
Grand Hotel Pupp complex. Thanks to those two buildings,
there arose new universal reference points in Karlovy
Vary. The resort boulevard stretched out to the new
construction sites, for which on the left bank, in a place
named Stara Louka (Old Mead), they had to take part of the
rock, and the long axis of the town went right up to the
Brezova region. The construction continued both near to
the Geyser and on the right bank of the River Tepla.
Today's Stara Louka and Nova Louka streets, situated one
opposite the other embankment, became second only to the
Geyser itself as focal points for social life and a place
for parading and for holiday walks.
During the first half of the 18th century Karlovy Vary
enjoyed the extreme benevolence of the ruling Hapsburg
dynasty. In 1707 Emperor Joseph I granted it the status of
a free royal city, something that provided a whole host of
important advantages and privileges. The local authorities
received the opportunity not only to set and maintain
order for the inhabitants and visitors, but to finance,
thanks to a special state subsidy, construction of major
social projects. At that time the first official resort
treatment centre appeared - Mlýnské Lázně.
and Czech Halls. Painting dated 1802
Development of the resort business continued along many directions: new springs were equipped, the scientific-medical centre making use of the mineral waters was renovated. Outstanding local physician David Becher (1725-1792) directly took part in the construction of the resort, systematizing the basic methods of curative therapy: namely the regularity of taking the waters and bathing, a programme of complementary procedures, including nature walks. The "ethos" of Karlovy Vary affected local artists and designers, by whose work today one can get a visual impression of the life of the town in that period.
of Peter I
For marketing purposes a list was regularly published and
updated of foreign VIPs who came here. The numbers grew,
prompting frequent visits to the resort by representatives
of the Imperial Palace. One of the famous visitors was the
Russian Tsar Peter I. He took a course of treatment here
in 1711-1712 and left some lasting memories of himself by
way of numerous legends. For example, how he took part in
the construction work on the "U Pava" House, as
well as competing in prestigious shooting competitions,
and how he climbed on a horse bare-back and rode
cross-country to a great high point where today stands his
Baroque pillar of Trinity by the sculptor Josef
Oswald was erected in 1716 in order to thank the
Lord because the plague epidemic, that was
ravaging Czech lands at the time,
did not touch Karlovy Vary
The growth of the international significance of Karlovy Vary prompted the local authorities to initiate construction of a new temple, which in its dimensions and architectural qualities answered the spirit of the age. Emperor Charles VI, who visited the town in 1732, liked the idea and he allocated resources from the Treasury for the purpose. The venerable architect Kilian Ignac Dientzenhofer was brought in. And there in 1738 on the spot of the modest Gothic Catholic Church of St. Mary Magdalene arose the most sublime temple of the same name, but in the Baroque style, and today it still adorns the resort.
||Baroque church of St. Mary Magdelane's
The new scale of the town urgently demanded special
attention for its infrastructure. Following the cleaning
of the resort's boulevard, the banks of the River Tepla
were strengthened. In order to head off the constant
threat of flooding, a personal edict of the Emperor's
Minister and High Counsellor, Count Rudolph Chotek,
allowed work to be completed to regulate the water level.
However, a great tragedy struck in 1759 again not because of the water, but from fire - just as a century and a half earlier. In five hours 224 homes were razed to the ground. Many were injured and the magnificent temple of St. Mary Magdalene was affected. The construction along the embankment in the upper reaches of the River Tepla was preserved, approximately from a point which is today's Elephant on the side of the Grand Hotel Pupp, where stood the Saxon and the Czech Halls. For a long time after the fire the local council held its sessions there, having lost its own building.
Post House. Old painting
The basic tendency that showed itself after the fire was the systematic construction and erection of multi-storey stone houses with tiled roofs and with rich finishing and facades. In 1762 the health centre Mlynske Lazne was modernized. In 1777, under a scheme by David Becher, the Geyser's hall was built. In 1788 an existing temporary stage was replaced by a newly-built town theatre, and in 1791 a place for relaxation for guests, "The Post House", was opened, soon becoming a cultural meeting place, where the Josef Labitsky symphony orchestra and other famous musicians gave recitals. A year and the town was adorned with a new wooden colonnade over at the New Spring (what is today's Rusalcin spring).
The construction projects were financed from various
sources. A significant sum for these aims was sacrificed
by the ruler of the Czech lands, the Austrian Empress
Marie Terezie. From 1764, at the suggestion of David
Becher, the preparation for export of geyser salts was
launched. As for the development of the town, more and
more rich and famous people were coming here - something
that swelled the Treasury, facilitating an increase in
expenditure on the inhabitants. In 1795 a special
"resort tax" was introduced. And in 1806 Emperor
Franz I granted local entrepreneurs new benefits
formulated like so: Anyone building a fire-proof house in
the central district of town shall be exempt from payment
of taxes for 12 years. On the cusp of the 18th and 19th
centuries Karlovy Vary began to take on the aspect it has
today: the image of a colonnaded town, rising over
curative springs, a town with wide boulevards and
beautiful buildings, of sanatoria-hotels, a town with a
rich cultural and social life, that enjoyed worldwide
renown. In 1810 there were 450 homes in Karlovy Vary.
Visitors" generosity provided an opportunity for
development of a network of pleasant forest walking paths
on the edge of town. A famous patron of the Arts who had a
hand in the works was Lord Findlater. An important project
was the laying of the winding road in the direction of
Prague in 1804-1806, strengthened by support walls
(today's Prazska Street).
Vary dated 1790. Old postcard
In the middle of the 18th century the architectural image
of the town began to change gradually under the influence
of Classicism. Following the aftermath of the fire of 1759
it had begun to predominate in the kind of building
facades, and was even more clearly seen in its specific
variety - the Empire style, which originated in France
under Emperor Napoleon I and had become fairly widespread
in Europe at that time. In 1811 the Dresden architect A.
Hissel erected a building in this style at the place where
today's Mlynske Colonnade now stands. In 1826 an Empire
style colonnade eclipsed constructions in the Baroque
style which then surrounded the Geyser. In that period of
years, two enchanting chapels were constructed in the
style of late Empire - Doroteiny Nivy and Terezin Pramen.
Finally, lamp lights came to adorn the town with general
gas-light available, something that appeared on the
initiative of the magistrates in 1815.
promenade. Painting by V. Gause, 1895
The resort calling of Karlovy Vary determined and widely
disseminated in the aesthetic life of the town the ideas
of Romanticism, popular in Central Europe ever since the
18th century. Its influence was seen not only in
architecture but in the town planning of space, in the
creation of harmony in construction projects, with
striking natural landscapes and picturesque Karlovy Vary
countryside. The town's parks and views of the sites on
walking routes made an impression on the romantic soul.
The tendency to broaden the areas of greenery can be
traced to a plan of the town for 1813.
In the second half of the 19th century, under the
influence of change in Europe, brought about by the French
revolution and the industrial revolution, the profile of
visitors changed too. In place of the nobility and the
high-born personages came the representatives of the new
bourgeois class. Then the town became the centre of
political life: it hosted meetings of European diplomats
and international conferences. There were important
changes for the better also in the structure of the town
administration. After March 1848 the basic unit of land
administration for the Austrian monarchy - which Karlovy
Vary was part of - became the settlement, headed by
elected councils of representatives. The combination of
developing capitalism and the efforts of the town
administration, intent on creating conditions for
receiving a large number of visitors, brought a new
phenomenon to the architecture of Karlovy Vary -
Historicism. The essence of this was to marry the
achievements of maximum expediency with regard to the
demands and tastes of the new era - to use to the limit
those achievements and the best traditions of the past.
And so appeared many "Neo" styles -
Neo-Classicism, Neo-Renaissance and others.
resort sanatorium. Painting dated 1855
A typical expression of the architectural tendencies of this period was the building of the Military resort sanatorium. With the permission of the Viennese government, Karlovy Vary doctor Gallus Hochberger and Count Evzen Cernin organized a collection of monies through a lottery. On August 18, 1853, according to a project by the architect Hagenauer, construction was begun on a monumental building on the left bank of the River Tepla, and July 12, 1855 saw the majestic opening of the sanatorium and the illumination of its chapel.
Its three-storey structure, made up of four wings, and
forming a quadrangle, was distinguished by its strict
symmetry, characteristic of an Austrian barracks, but
enriched by elements of Neo-Renaissance. Unfortunately,
the plans were lost and it is therefore difficult to
reconstruct the detail of the building's interior, which
has undergone great changes since then. We know that only
the small chapel on the second floor is preserved today
where you can find the group sculpture, created in 1856 by
the Czech sculptor V. Levi.
While continuing the search for architectural self-expression, the emerging town bourgeoisie merged with the surroundings which, in his book Historicism - architecture of the second half of the 19th century in Moravia and Silesia, the Czech researcher P. Zatloukal characterized as a striving to seem to be something else: The landowner-nobleman wants to appear as a knight of the Middle Ages, the aristocrat and cleric or merchant also want to present a different image.
It was precisely such a striving that prompted the local
bourgeoisie to set about the brave projects in the style
of Romantic Historicism, imbued with the traditions of
English neo-Gothic and using Neo-Romanesque elements.
An example of such an approach was the erection alongside the Military sanatorium of the Lazne III building, a project that was given the blessing of the town council on April 13, 1863. The gala opening of this resort site took place on September 10, 1866. Also in the Neo-Romanesque style was constructed the Evangelical Church of St. Peter on the right bank of the Tepla River. It only took on its final image after the facade was rebuilt in 1865 with its tower with pyramid roof, and alongside construction was started on a house for the clergyman, adorned, as the church, with Neo-Romanesque designs. The supporters of strict Historicism paid homage to the traditions of the past - but this style which combined in itself elements of the Neo-Renaissance and Neo-Gothic. The most significant work of strict historicism is the Mlynske colonnade, acknowledged as a masterpiece of Karlovy Vary architecture.
The creation of a new colonnade right where two popular
springs flow out onto the surface, was undertaken not only
out of aesthetic considerations, but because the two
colonnades in the Empire style which had stood here since
1827 could no longer cope with the influx of resort
Colonnade, 1910. Interiers
At the end of the 1860s the town council turned to the
Czech architect Josef Zitek, designer of the National
Theatre in Prague and the city museum in Weimar (Germany).
The construction started with a swing, but in 1871 was
frozen in view of rising costs. Zitek was forced to
re-work the project which became, as a result, a lot more
modest but, as a consequence, construction of the
colonnade was allowed to be completed practically in the
form it is today. The architectural image of the resort at
the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th
century had been formed under the strong influence of
ideas and practical work of the Viennese architects
Ferdinand Fellner and Herman Helmer, who built nearly 20
buildings in Karlovy Vary in total. They strove to take
into account to the utmost requirements of the local
client, using in their projects elements of the varied
culture suggesting solutions that chimed in with the
specific features of the surrounding landscapes.
The first of their resort projects was the Vridelni
Colonnade (1879), then the colonnade at the Garden Spring
and, finally, Trzni Colonnade. That was built in 1883 by
the Viennese carpenter Osterreicher - in the Swedish style
from wood, as a temporary construction. But it turned out
that the wooden colonnade outlasted many more supposedly
more durable structures of its time. And it was only after
nearly 110 years that it was finally disassembled and
replaced with an exact copy, preserving in such a way an
original look to this very day.
(Trzni) Colonnade, 1883.
(In front of the Prismatic tower.)
In 1886 the firm Fellner and Helmer accomplished construction of a new Town Theatre. A proportionally balanced building situated in the centre of the resort zone, on the square, it took shape as a result of the demolition of the old theatre and several neighboring buildings. The functional specifics and the value of the buildings were underlined by the diverse architecture and by other elements, carried from the Baroque and Rococo epochs. The whole interior creates the impression of harmony and comfort. The curtain on which is depicted a complex figurative composition under the name Apotheosis of poetic art, was created by the artists famous under the group name "Kunstler company", who specialized in the sphere of decorative and allegorical pictures.
curtain of the Town Theatre
One of the most significant buildings, built by a Viennese
firm in Karlovy Vary was the sanatorium Lazne I,
previously named The Imperial. Among the latter works of
the firm can be numbered the Grand Hotel Pupp complex,
which had grown up on the place where stood the Czech Hall
had once stood having been bought back in 1775 by the
confectioner Jurgen Georgy Pupp, and subsequently run by
several generations of the family as a hotel.
The Great Concert Hall, opened in 1907, became the crown
of the complex. One can find in it elements of the
Neo-Baroque and Art Nouveau. The extremely complex and
rich interior of the hall reminds one yet again just why
the firm Fellner and Helmer received such wide renown in
Hotel Pupp Concert Hall
As a whole, despite the serious flooding of 1890, the final decade of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century - right up to the First World War, as a rule, is considered to be the Golden Age of Karlovy Vary. In addition to the magnificent works of this period mentioned above, one must add a multitude of distinctive dwellings and administrative buildings: the Anglican Church of St. Lucas in its romantic brick Neo-Gothic style, the synagogue and a Russian Orthodox Cathedral of St. Peter and Paul built in the style of late Historicism in 1897.
||St. Lucas Cathedral
Karlovy Vary architects and artists did not escape
contemporary influences of Europe of that time - the
so-called Art Nouveau which showed itself, above all, in
matters of decor and design of town structures, for
example, in stained glass panels and paintings, wall
clocks and other works of art, that adorned the interiors.
The most beautiful and stylistically pure building of this
type in Karlovy Vary is considered to be the Zawojski
House which appeared in 1906 not very far from Trzni
colonnade. In the Art Nouveau style with elements of
eclecticism it was the building of the former Savings
resort sanatorium and Garden Colonnade.
View from Dvorak Gardens
Pre-war construction was practically completed with the
erection in 1912 of the majestic sanatorium Imperial which
was the pre-eminent building bar none for its exquisite
construction and unique conception. It met all demands for
a modern hotel and resort architectural complex. Multi-storeyed,
comprising two wings with towers, crowned at its central
section with a lantern which highlighted the effort to
strengthen to the maximum the effect of the swooping mass
above. The strong relief impression creates a portal with
pilasters and adornings. This is an example of eclectic
architecture, conjoining elements of Classicism and later
||Russian Orthodox Cathedral of St. Peter and Paul
At that time the town had become an important node of the
European railway network and was used to receiving
numerous travellers. Thanks to the efforts of scientists
and medics, new methods of treatment using the curative
waters of Karlovy Vary were discovered and mastered - even
such serious illnesses such as diabetes. Famous
representatives of European culture, science and politics
used to come here. The number of visitors at the resort
grew at a surprising rate. For example, in 1911, 70,935
people received treatment here. Not for nothing did they
long remember the sunset of the Austro-Hungarian empire as
the Good Old Days, the end of which heralded war and its
aftermath of major changes in the life of Europe and the
of the Insurance company building
After the emergence of the Czech Republic in 1918, the
border areas with Germany, including Karlovy Vary, fell
into a difficult position. Germans who had been living
there for hundreds of years tried to set up an autonomous
province. The army and the police got involved and in the
riots people died. Friction between Germans and Czechs
continued and this clearly did not add any popularity to
the resort. The economic crisis of the 30s in Europe did
not leave Karlovy Vary unscathed. Hundreds of small and
medium-sized businessmen, including owners of hotels and
guest houses, were ruined. Nevertheless, thanks to private
initiative and state grants, a few new significant
buildings did appear in the town between the wars. The
most important was the dam on the River Tepla in Brezova
(1936). It always averts the threat of high waters. The
capacity for tourists grew as a result of the Lazne VI
modern resort project coming on stream in 1927. The
building of the hospital insurance company and the church
at the Monastery of the Redeemed (1931-33) came to adorn
the trading centre of Karlovy Vary. In 1932 an iron and
concrete bridge, unique in its technical qualities, was
thrown across the River Ohre leading in the direction of
the Upper railway station. At the end of the Second World
War Karlovy Vary was many times subjected to bombardment.
The buildings of the Upper and Lower railway stations, the
Rybare bridgehead and the northern quarter of the resort,
bore a heavy brunt. In the post-war period nothing new
conceptually was introduced to the image of the resort. A
trading zone was actively built up and the suburban
peripheral dwelling areas. Of the interesting buildings of
the second half of the 20th century one can name, first of
all, the spa hotel Thermal, the new Geyser colonnade and
the building of the production association "Computer
Technology". Following the Velvet Revolution of 1989
a period of entrepreneurial activity opened up, with a
flood of local and foreign investment. Dozens of sanatoria
and hotels, following reconstruction, moved to the levels
of international standards. The resort town is getting
younger, better and looks to the future with hope.
Dr. Burachovic: History of the city
motto: "Karlovy Vary it is a diamond in an emerald
setting" (A. von Humboldt)
The founding and evolution of the Karlovy
Vary was always indivisibly combined with the beneficial effects of the
warm, curing springs. They marked the history, architecture, economy and
whole spirit of the city. These springs have fascinated mankind and stirred
its imagination since the old ages. Legend states that the Karlovy Vary
mineral hot springs were discovered during the first half of the 14th
century by Czech King and Roman Emperor Charles IV while on a deer
hunting expedition. This spa city was founded at the junction of the Tepla
and Ohre Rivers during the reign of Charles IV. This wasn't the accidental
and romantic act that is portrayed in the old legend but a result of the
natural evolution of an area already famous for its curing tradition.
The actual founding date of the city is not known but the date of settlement around the geyser has been placed at approximately 1350. Actual traces of man in areas surrounding Karlovy Vary go back much further. Archeological findings have proved that on the site of today's city there were a few settlements from the Stone Age era. Evidence exists that people lived in a settlement near Drahovice during the bronze era. In the neighborhood of Karlovy Vary, documentation exists confirming the existence of Slavic settlements in Tasovice and Sedlec. It has been proven that people lived on the present-day site of Karlovy Vary as early as the 13th century. We assume that even at the time the curing effects of Karlovy Vary thermal springs were known and utilized. Written history of the geyser town starts on the 14th of August 1370 when Charles IV gave the already existing settlement, a list of rights and freedoms similar to those that were given to the nearby royal city of Loket.
The privileged status of Karlovy Vary as a spa is documented in the numerous
privileges given and ratified by rulers of the Czech country up to the year
1858. Between the Middle Ages and the end of the 16th century, Karlovy
Vary's spa treatment consisted mostly of bathing in the thermal water.
Treatment involving the drinking of geyser water was begun by Dr. Vaclav
Payer. In Leipzig he published the firs expert book about the Karlovy
Vary cure. In this book, in addition to bathing in the geyser water, he
recommended also drinking it. After 1600, local doctors Michael Reudenius
and Johann Stephan Stroebelbergerbecame additional enthusiastic proponents
of the drinking cure. In the 17th century the drinking cure became more
popular than the bathing treatment and around the year 1750, in some cases
people drank between 50 and 70 cups of water daily.
Two natural disasters, one at the end of
the 16th century and another at the beginning of the 17th century,
unfortunately affected the prosperity and construction of new facilities. On
May 9th, 1582, a great flood submerged Karlovy Vary. On the 13th of August
1604 the city was almost totally destroyed by fire when 99 of its existing
102 buildings burned down. Despite its privileged spa status, not even
Karlovy Vary could avoid the suffering of the 30-year-war. Many times over
the duration of the war, armies, fires, illnesses and hunger revaged the
city. The uncertain times and economic results of the war years were evident
in the decreased number of spa visitors which in turn affected the overall
economy of the city. This meant that Karlovy Vary residents had to look for
different sources of income in addition to the spa industry. As a result, in
the 17th century there was a gradual increase in the number of typical
Karlovy Vary trades. In the surrounding area there were tin mines and this
led to production of tin tableware in Karlovy Vary. Other trades included
gun making, production of needles, knives, scissors and medical instruments.
A noticeable increase in the level of spa activity started at the end of the
17th century with the increase of rich, noble visitors from German,
Russian and later, Polish royal courts. Great advertisements for Karlovy
Vary were two spa stays by Czar Peter the Great in 1711 and 1712.
Up to the end of the 17th century Karlovy Vary maintained its closed Gothic style with city gates and high density of buildings around geyser area. The dominant feature of the city was the Gothic tower of the former hunting castle of the Charles IV on the rock above the marketplace. In 1520 a city hall was built under this tower. Beside it was the city pharmacy and in 1531 the Hospital of St. Spirit was built across the street. On the right river bank of the Tepla River above the geyser stood the timber-framed, late Gothic style Church of Mary Magdalene, first mentioned in the year 1485. The St. Andrew Chapel was consecrated around the year 1500. It stands on the side of the Three Crosses Hill. The houses were mostly timber-framed with shingled roofs.
The 18th century brought long decades of
boom and glory to the spa city. In 1707 Kaiser Josef I ratified all
privileges for Karlovy Vary and at the same time he proclaimed it to be a
"free royal city" . In the first half of the 18th century, Karlovy
Vary was favorite of the Habsburg dynasty especially the Empress Marie
Teresa. The city's loyalty towards the Viennese court was positively
rewarded in the financial grants given for the city's development and
improvements of its government. In 1719, the city council proclaimed special
city laws that regulated all spa life in detail. In 1739 new city rules
called "Instructio politica" were accepted. As the spa treatments
evolved, numerous public and spa buildings were erected. These included
Sasky's Hall built in 1701 and the Czech hall which was constructed in 1728.
The Grand Hotel Pupp later replaced these on the same site. On the site of
today's Mill Spring, the first public spa building was built in Karlovy Vary
in 1711. At the beginning of the 18th century the town began growing in
size. The area known as Stara Louka was covered with buildings that became
the centre of the social life for the spa guests. In 1717 the spa area
already had its first modest theatre.
Between the years 1732 and 1736 on the
site of the original Gothic church a new Baroque cathedral St. Mary
Magdalene was built according to the plans of architect Kilian Ignac
Dienzenhofer. A very important spa doctor, David
Becher, played a major role in the modernisation of Karlovy Vary's
balneology with his life-long work. Dr.Becher started a line of new curing
methods such as drinking the water by the springs, walks as a part of the
therapy and a balance between the drinking and bathing cures and he also
helped to build up Karlovy Vary.
On 23rd of May 1759 a catastrophic fire that destroyed 224 buildings interrupted the promising spa boom of the first half of the 18th century. The effects of the fire were overcome in a relatively short time and the rebuilding of the city was done generously and according to a plan. Instead of the original timber frame buildings, taller stone houses with more floors, rich outside decorative façades and modern roofs were built. The original city gates were not rebuilt because they slowed down the city's growth. More and more spa visitors came into the beautiful, rebuilt city. With the growing number of visitors the Karlovy Vary it was getting richer and the city officials could spend more on expensive projects to improve the city's appearance. The financing of these projects was guaranteed by the proceeds of the spa tax that was established in 1795. In 1762 the Mill Spa was modernized. A modern geyser hall was built in 1777 that allowed the use of Dr. David Becher's spa method with the accent on drinking the water by the spring. Also at Dr. Becher's instigation Karlovy Vary produced and exported the geyser salt. The profits obtained from the sale of the salt partially financed the construction of a new theatre in 1788. One of the spa visitors' most favored places to visit , "Postovni Dvur" (The Postal Court) was built in 1791. This was later made famous when concerts by Josef Lybicky and his orchestra and numerous musicians were performed there. A wooden colonnade called New Spring was built a year later and it was the first construction of its kind in Karlovy Vary. It gave spa visitors the opportunity to remain by the springs even in bad weather. This colonnade was rebuilt by Dresden builder, Giesel in 1811.
The most famous cultural centre for the
nobles at the end of the 18th century was the Czech Hall which was purchased
by a pastry chef Johann Georg Pupp in 1775. This was the beginning of the
development of Karlovy Vary's biggest hotel and restaurant in the city, The
Grand Hotel Pupp. The increase in the number of spa visitors led to the
establishing of a record of visitors. They were called "Kurlisty".
The first existing records are from the end of the 17th century. Until the
year 1794 these were hand-written. From 1795 on, the Kurlisty were printed
in the local Franieck publishing house.
The beginning of the 19th century brought another spa boom to Karlovy Vary. The spa city's prosperity was not threatened too much by uncertain times of the Napoleon wars. In the first half of the 19th century, Dr. Becher's established curing method was further improved by line of excellent Karlovy Vary spa doctors. Most of the credit for these improvements goes to Dr. Jean de Carro, Dr. Rudolf Mannl, and Dr. Eduard Hlawaczek.
The generosity of rich visitors to Karlovy
Vary sped up the development of the walking path network surrounding the
spa. Around 1800, an important sponsor and lover of the spa city was
Scottish Lord J.O. Findlater. He financed the construction of numerous forest promenades. Up until the First World War the combined length of all spa-walking paths around Karlovy Vary totaled 130 kilometres. In the 18th and at the beginning of the 19th century, the nationalities of visitors meeting in Karlovy Vary took on a more international flavor. In addition to the aristocracy, the European cultural elite was meeting by the geysers. Visits by outstanding personalities are a traditional speciality of Karlovy Vary and greatly marked the cultural history of the city. We can remind you about some of the most important visitors at the break of the 18th and 19th centuries. They were J.W. Goethe, F. Schiller,
T. Koerner, L. van Beethoven, F. Chopin and N. Paganini.
From the second third of the 19th century
most of the spa visitors in the city were the rich city clients. As a result
of the French Revolution the nobility gradually disappeared form the spa
scene. Karlovy Vary became the favored place of numerous political and
diplomatic meetings. In the year 1819 an important conference of Ministers
was held by the geyser and was chaired by Austrian Chancellor K.V.L.
An important moment in Karlovy Vary history was the year 1844 when the city started exporting the geyser water large quantities. The chemist A.M. Pleischl and spa doctor E. Hlawaczek were instrumental in exporting the geyser outside Karlovy Vary. The selling of mineral water and geyser products was an excellent source of income for the city. After 1860 in addition to the purely German population, a small community of Czechs began to grow in Karlovy Vary. They obtained jobs and settled here. The Slavic Club was established in 1881 to represent the Czech minority living here. Leaders of the organisation in its forty-year duration were the outstanding Czech doctors, E. Engel, F. Zatloukal, V. Janatka and M. Mixa.
The last third of the 19th century was an
extensive period of construction work and building of modern spa projects in
Karlovy Vary. This period gave the city its present-day appearance with its
distinctive mark of history in its architecture. This was the birth of
Karlovy Vary's fourth visage, the beauty of which we are enjoying up to
today. The first look was a Gothic and Renaissance city destroyed by the
fire in 1604. Baroque Karlovy Vary was burnt again in 1759. The outdated and
small town appearance of the buildings in the Rococo, Classical, Empire and
Biedermaier styles were gradually torn down during the reconstruction
between 1870 and 1900. In their places were built modern and comfortably
equipped new buildings that reflected the city's importance as the most
famous spa location in Europe. Dominant new spa buildings such as the
Military Spa (1855), the Geyser Colonnade (1879), the Mill Colonnade
(1871-1881), the Market Colonnade (1883), Spa III (1866), the beautiful
Kaiser's Spa (1895), a new theatre (1886), the Anglican Church (1877),
Synagogue (1877) and Russian Orthodox Church (1897) were built.
The construction style of the spa was
greatly influenced by Viennese architecture, represented in Karlovy Vary by
two architects F.Fellner and H. Helmer. These two architects
designed twenty important buildings in Karlovy Vary. This huge construction
boom before the First World War included the building of the International
Grand Hotel Imperial in 1912.
Of major importance for further
development of the city was its connection to European train network.
In 1870 a connection from Karlovy Vary to Cheb was established. A year later
the train started running between Prague and Karlovy Vary. Around 1900 the
regional train network was improved by the addition of local railway lines
from Karlovy Vary to Marianske Lazne (1898), Johanngeorgenstadt (1899) and
Merklin (1902). The railway connection meant a drastic improvement in the
economy and an unusual increase in the number of visitors. After the year
1860, the number of visitors grew rapidly thanks to the influence of the
successful treatment of diabetes in Karlovy Vary. The spa's prosperity at
the end of the last century was so drastic that the period is called
"the golden age of Karlovy Vary". The only black date of this
famous era was the 24th of November 1890 when the centre of the city was
badly damaged by a huge flood. In addition to the modernisation of the spa
institutions there was further developments in the theory and practice of
Karlovy Vary's balneology. Local doctors L. Fleckles, P. Cartellieri, E.
Gans, E. Hertzka and V.N. Kronser recorded a beneficial study in this field.
A lot of attention was given to the use of Karlovy Vary's waters to treat
diabetes, job-related illnesses and obesity.
The social standings of Karlovy Vary
before 1900 was drastically influenced by visit of leading representatives
of European culture, science and politics. Some of these people who stayed
near the geyser in the 19th century were: K. Marx, J. Brahms, R. Wagner,
E. Grieg and other famous personalities. Shortly before the N.V.
Gogol, F. Lizst, S. Freund, J. Barrande, H. Schliemann, T. Fontane, A.
Dvorak beginning of the First World War, Karlovy Vary had the highest
number of spa visitors during its history. For example, 70.935 patients were
treated here in 1911. The First World War brought to an end the increasing
development of the spa city which was certainly in the good old times
combined with the spirit of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy. The war affected
the coming of spa visitors and this had serious effect on the life of
Karlovy Vary. Five hundred and fifteen med from Karlovy Vary died on
European battlefields. The shortage of supplies meant hunger and misery even
for the privileged spas. bells from churches and dogs suitable for pulling
loads were confiscated for war purposes and rations were imposed on
groceries, soap and tobacco products. There were social uprising. For
example by the geyser on the 17th and 18th of July 1918, women
demonstrated against hunger.
After the First World War, spa life in
Karlovy Vary was renewed quickly although the city never reached its pre-war
level of visitors. War was the tragic milestone that changed life in Europe.
The extinction of the Austro-Hungarian Empire unfavorably affected the
prosperity of all spas in its former holdings that also included
Karlovy Vary. After the creation of the Czechoslovakian Republic in 1918 a
complicated situation arose along its border. Germans living here for
centuries tried to maintain their customs, economic and political positions.
In the border area therefore they tried to create an autonomic province
called Sudetenland with its full right of self-government of ethnic
Germans. Their efforts were stamped out by action of the Czechoslovakian
army and police even in Karlovy Vary. On the 4th and 5th of March 1919
German citizens held large demonstrations for their right to
self-government. These resulted in fights between demonstrators and Czech
soldiers. Tragically, six Germans died in these conflict. This month of
March 1919 was beginning of two decades of national conflict between Czechs
and Germans in the border regions. We have to state that these conflicts
were sometimes artificially fuelled in the interest of political ambitions
by nationalistic circles on both sides. The German national movement peaked
in 1935 with the founding of the Sudeten-German political party was led in
Karlovy Vary by K. Henlein and K.H. Frank.
The depression that hit all of Europe in
the 30's didn't miss Karlovy Vary. At that time the indebtedness of hotel
and pension owners grew drastically. For the small business and trade this
depression had dramatic results in bankruptcies. In 1936 alone there were
over 1.000 court bankruptcy orders. The city in its fight to survive had to
borrow large amounts from the state. A few expensive projects were
constructed in Karlovy Vary between the two World Wars despite the difficult
economic depression. The most important of these was the building of the dam
on the Tepla River in Brezova in 1936. This forever stopped the threat of
great floods in the city. In 1927 the city's spa capacity was increased with
the building of the modern Spa VI. The pride of the business section of
Karlovy Vary was the Health Insurance Building (1931) and the Monk's Church
of Redemption (1933). In 1932 a bridge across the Ohre River leading to the
Upper Railway Station was built. It was a technically remarkable
Karlovy Vary balneologists Buxbaum,
Ritter, Simon, Hendrych, Stransky and others solved some of the problems
with the spa treatments.
Despite the euphoria of the German
population of the spa city, the Second World War created economic hardships
here. The spa business was dramatically limited as a result of the war.
Already in 1940 there were problems, beginning with food supplies. The
number of spa guests diminished and many spa facilities were changed into
military hospitals. In October 1938 after the visit of Reich leader A.
Hitler, the German army occupied Karlovy Vary. As part of Sudetenland,
the city was annexed into "the Third Reich". Shortly before the
occupation the last Czechs, mostly state employees, left the city. On
September 12th 1944, April 17th and 19th 1945 Karlovy Vary was the target of
few air raids of allied bombers that destroyed the upper and lower railway
stations. The area of the city known as Rybare and the northern part of the
spa center suffered heavy damage. During the air raids a few hundred people
In Karlovy Vary on the sixth of May 1945, the Czech Revolutionary national Committee was established and two days later, without any conflict, they took over the city administration with the assistance of the American army. The Red Army reached Karlovy Vary on May 11th, 1945.
In 1945 and 1946, the Postupim agreement brought about removal from their homes and eviction from the country for most of German residents of Karlovy Vary. The complicated process of re-establishing the Czech population in the border regions began simultaneously with the eviction of the Germans. The Czechs gradually found a new home here. The installation of the Communist regime after 1948 started the devastation of areas surrounding Karlovy Vary especially in the Ore Mountain District, Doupov Mountains and Slavkov Forest, and the destruction of numerous villages and memorials continued in the 50's and 60's. Extensive demolitions that were not will thought-out were done even in the center of the spa district.
After 1948 spa treatment in Karlovy Vary
was centralized and nationalized. The curing mineral springs and spa
institutions were taken over by the state. Karlovy Vary started pioneering
year-ground complex spa treatment that were insoired by Soviet examples.
Today's Karlovy Vary treatment is based on centuries of practical experience
and actual scientific discoveries in the field of balneology and it is
obtaining excellent results. Today's theory and practice of the spa
treatments were enriched by the work of the Research Institute of
Balneology that worked in Karlovy Vary for almost forty years.
The construction development of Karlovy
Vary during the period of the "building of socialism" (1948-1989)
was evident mainly in the huge apartment blocks which were established. New
subdivisions first built from bricks and later from pre-fabricated panels
grew in Dvory, Tuhnice, Drahovice, Stara Role, Rybare, on Ruzovy Vrch and
Cankovska Sreet. Unfortunately, the core of historical buildings was
ill-maintained over the decades and resulted in many of them
being in critical condition. This gradually changed under the new
economic and ownership conditions after 1989. Sad examples of modern
architecture in Karlovy Vary are Thermal Sanatorium (1977) and the Geyser
Colonnade (1975). Other construction projects built in the spa city over the
past three decades include: the complex of spa buildings in Kostelni ulice
(Church street) (1978-1982), Sanatorium Swiss Court (1971), Sanatorium
Sanssouci (1970), the winter stadium (1983), youth dormitories in Drahovice
(1982), Perla Business Center (1986), Sanatorium Druzba-Bristol, also the
new building of the Czech Trust Company (1994) and the Czech Insurance
(1994). Major modernisation was carried out by most of the Karlovy Vary
business firms - Moser Glassworks, china factories, Beckerovka, Sedlec
Kaolin Mine, There were also new business established. Some examples
of these are: Geyser Production Co-op et, Panel factory in Otovice, central
heat supplier in Bohatice, Elektrosvit, etc. After the year 1990 a whole
line of important historical objects were expensively renovated or replaced
by replicas - Mill Colonnade, Postal Court, Little Versailles, Pupp, Bristol
Hotel, Main Post Office, Imperial, Felix Zawojsky House, Mozart House,
Sirius Hotel, Krivan Sanatorium, Patria Hotel etc.
The year of 1989 was the beginning of a
new era of free evolution of the spa industry, travel industry and business
activities in the geyser valley at the junction of the Tepla and Ohre
Rivers. Harmonious combination of these three elements is a problem that
hasn't been optimally solved yet. The most famous Czech spa, Karlovy Vary,
today is, as it always was, the favorite meeting place of ill and healthy
people from around the world. In this way it continues the tradition started
centuries ago under the rule of wise King Charles IV. The international
flavor and good name of the curing springs gives us the firm belief
that geyser city, as well as Prague, will remain the most famous and visited
sites in Czech Republic even in the 21st century. ........Dr.
Legend about the founding of the City
One of the first to record the oldest
Karlovy Vary legend about the discovery of the geysers known as Sprudel by
Charles IV was the renaissance physician Dr. Fabian Sommer, a native of
Karlovy Vary. In his book on the use of Karlovy Vary's waters from 1751, he
relates the story thus:
"it said that Charles IV once
went hunting in the woods, in the hilly areas and valleys where now the hot
springs do bubble up. The woods in this place were full of game.
During the hunt, one of the hounds started to run after an animal. Whilst
following it, the hound fell into a pool where hot water does now burst
from the ground. The hound began to howl in pain. The hunters ran to the
hound, believing it to have been wounded by the animal it had be chasing.
The marvel which they saw amazed them greatly. They stopped closer, pulled
the hound from the pool, and then tasted of the hot water which had so
distressed the hound.
The entire event was reported to the
Emperor Charles IV, who then went on large company himself to marvel at this
singular wonder of nature. In the presence of his physicians, the wise ruler
said that such hot water may drive off many grave ailments, and that it was
beneficial and invigorating. Then he himself used the water (it is said that
he had an afflicted leg), and sensed assuagement and improvement. The ruler
was overjoyed at this, and soon gave orders that around the springs, houses
be built. The place where the Emperor used that water was, according to
information, in that place where once stood the municipal bath and where the
guildhall now stands. At that place the springs wells up whose waters do not
burst forth excessively, and are but warm. It is related that in this place,
many years ago, a seat was cut into the rock on which the ruler sat, and
wherefore it was named the Seat of the Emperor Charles. And yet this place
is no longer to be found, and on it the guildhall has been built.
After the water had effected its cure
on him, the Emperor, the Emperor Charles had a new town built on this spot.
He wanted it to be walled about for protection, but his intents were
thwarted by yet more pressing happenings. That it should be so can be
seen up to this day from the fragments of protective wall which are under
the Deer Rock. On this Deer Rock many collapsed cellar vaults can also be
seen. Aged citizens do say that it was the intention of the Emperor Charles
to build on the said hill a castle for the protection of Karlovy Vary. Even
the name of the town bears witness to its discoverer, for it is named the
bath of the Emperor Charles, Karlovy Vary."
Environs of Karlovy Vary
Mountain and a bird's-eye view of the environs
Nature has been very generous endowing this region with minerals (various ores, coal, quality kaolin), thermal, radioactive and acid mineral waters, rivers, forests and mild climate. No wonder that from the earliest times this area was a loadstone for the people who came here to develop industry, crafts, architecture and art. Tourists and scientists from all over the world fly in, attracted by the beauty of neighboring nature and sights. From the top of Angel Mountain, situated by the road from Prague to Karlovy Vary, visitors can enjoy a magnificent view of the environs including the Krusne Hory Mountains. They also have the opportunity to observe the ruins of an ancient fortress a former feudal residence dating from the beginning of the 15th century.
fortress Becov. The New Castle. Baroque Chapel
At the point where the river Ohre forms a curve, reminiscent in its configuration of an arm bent at the elbow, the monumental castle Loket towers. It is one of the most remarkable monuments of medieval Czech architecture and culture. The castle owned by Czech kings used to be the administrative centre of Loket region. Its architectural centre piece is a prismatic tower made of specifically worked stones. The castle was reconstructed several times but it has preserved its original typical shape. Tourists fascinated by traditional lively carnivals, Christmas fairs and picturesque markets with craftsmen using their medieval instruments, can also visit a permanent exhibition of porcelain ware from local potteries.
Settlement of Becov
peak in winter
The town of Loket itself is a magnificent historical monument with the remains of fortifications, the St. Wenceslas Church, the Baroque style town hall and houses with Gothic portals. A Gothic style fortress "Becov" with the so-called New Castle in the courtyard is situated in the wilderness area "Slavkovsky les", just near Karlovy Vary. Having visited the fortress you get rather quickly to the cozy town of Becov. From there you can take a walk to some other romantic places of the "Slavkovsky les" forest. One of them is the small spa town of Kyselka founded at the turn of 18th - 19th centuries. The mineral water "Mattoni", very popular in the Czech Republic, is extracted and bottled right here to be exported to many countries.
central square with the former mint in the
The Krusne Hory mountains with the highest peak "Klinovec" (1244 m above sea level) are favorites with tourists and sportsmen all year round. This region was known for iron, silver and tin extraction from earliest times. Uranium, discovered later, has been exploited for many years.
The administrative centre of this region, the spa town Jachymov, was founded at the beginning of the 16th century on the southern side of the Krusne Hory. The count Slik's mint is considered the first in Europe to have stamped a metallic coin named "thaler" or "tolar" said to have given the name to the present-day dollar.
town: the church and the tower
spa town Marianske Lazne
The radioactive water from Jáchymov springs was first used for medical treatment in 1906. The mountain village Bozí Dar is located 1028 m above sea level and was founded by a Saxon Elector in the first half of the 16th century during a mining boom. Nowadays it is a very popular ski centre.
||Mariánské Lazne the spa zone
Lazne the spa zone
The excavation of tin brought glory to Horni Blatna. A
very rich and attractive exposition at the local museum
represents the industry of the town. The Saint Lawrence
Church with a typical tower or nearby unique technical
monument Blatensky Water Dam (that in ancient times
supplied water to the tin mines) are also worth
The mountain settlement Abertamy is a well-known centre
of winter and summer holiday. A local art gallery exhibits
a rich collection of handicrafts.
In the Krusne Hory forest massive we find the town of
Nejdek with the remains of a small medieval castle with a
Baroque church and nearby belfry. The local Ethnographic
Museum exhibits traditional handicrafts that flourished
here several centuries ago. Even today you can watch the
master woodcarvers, industrious lace makers or listen to
lyrical songs accompanied by zithers.
Once you stay in Karlovy Vary you can also visit other
spa towns such as Marianske Lazne, Frantiskovy Lazne,
Lazne Kynzvart or West Bohemian towns as ancient Cheb with
some 12th century buildings and Sokolov.
- baths with 12 mineral springs with carbonated sulfate salt waters, chateau tower, Late Gothic chapel of St. Andrew, Baroque church of St. Mary Magdalene, Baroque pillar of the Holy Trinity, Postal Court, Neo-Renaissance Mlyn colonnade, grand hotel Pupp, Vrídel colonnade, expansive parks,
Friendship Heights with look-out JACHYMOV - baths -
medicinal radioactive springs, Neo-Gothic church of St. Joachim, All Saints
burial chapel, Renaissance town hall, old mint, Late Gothic and Renaissance
houses, bath sanatorium, tourist center for the Krusny mountains, former
mining of silver and later uranium ore OSTROV - burial
church of St. Jacob, church of St. Michael, chateau with French gardens,
Piarist monastery with summer house and chapel, uranium mining NEJDEK
- Neo-Baroque chateau, Baroque church of St. Martina, remnants of
the 14th century castle - squared tower later transformed into a bell tower,
former mining of iron ore, lead, and tin TEPLA -
Premonstratensian monastery built in 1193, deacon´s church of St. Giles,
burgher residences from the
18th century, plague column BECOV NAD TEPLOU -
Gothic castle from the 14th century, Baroque chateau from the 18th century,
reliquary of St. Maura - valuable Romanesque monument BOZI
DAR - mountain center,
border crossing to Austria, town
hall, St. Anne´s church, Bozi dar peat bog state nature reservation ABERTAMY
- recreational center,
uranium mining HORNI BLATNA -
church of St. Laurence, look-out tower on Blatna ridge, originally a mining
settlement, mining monuments - Vlci jamy (Wolf Ravine) a Blatná gorge NOVA ROLE -
Romanesque/Gothic monument - St. Michael´s church, world renowned porcelain
- tourist center, border crossing to Austria VYSOKA
PEC - mining of iron
ore, metallurgy, church of the Visitation of Our Lady, natural
park, tourist center ZLUTICE -
Gothic cathedral of St. Peter and Paul
INFOCENTER Karlovy Vary -
Information center, Vridelni kolonada, 360 01 Karlovy Vary Tel.: 017/322 40
97 Zlutice -
Information center, Dum kultury, Velke nam. 137, 364 52 Zlutice Tel.:
0169/39 31 87
The district has an
area of 1628 sq. kilometers with 123000 inhabitants. The center is the town
of Karlovy Vary with 56000 inhabitants. Other towns in the region are
Ostrov, Nejdek, Jáchymov, Touzim, Zlutice, Nova Role, and Tepla. The highest
point is the Klinovec Mt. in the Krusne hory Mountains (1244 m). These
mountains are the natural northern boundary with Germany. The south is taken
by the Nature reservation Slavkovsky les. The river Ohre with its
contributory rivers Rolava and Tepla flow through the district. Ohře is used by water sport enthusiasts in its full length. Ski areas can be found in the entire region; "Krusne Hory" - Bozi Dar, Potucky, Horni Blatna, Nove Hamry, Pernink, Abertamy, Jachymov, and Merklin. A number of mineral
springs led to the origin of spas and the founding of the famous spa Karlovy
Vary, Marianske Lazne, Frantiskovy Lazne, Jachymov, and Kyselka. Great
entertainment events are the Film Festival in Karlovy Vary, Dvorak's musical
festival Autumn in Karlovy Vary,
International Festival Tourfilm, The Charles IV. Festival - the start of the
spa season, the Blooms Festival in Valec, Pilgrimage in Nova Role, Nejdek,
Chyse, Abertamy, Bozí Dar, Andelská Hora, or in Skoky. Most of the sights
are in Karlovy Vary - the
castle tower from 1358, renovated in 1608, the Holy Trinity Column from
1716, Postovni Dvur from 1791, St. Mary Magdalen Church from 1736 built by
K. I. Dienzenhofer, St. Peter and Paul Church from 1898, Zítek's Collonade
from 1881, and many other. The Teplá
monastery is a very outstanding sight - a religious complex with a church
from 1197, monastery buildings from 1659-1663, and library from 1450. One
must also mention Becov nad Teplou - a Gothic castle from the beginning of
the 14th century, and a Baroque
castle from 1750 - 1753. Shortly the relics of St.Mauro will be deposited in
Becov nad Teplou, a very rare Romanesque memento from the 12th century, and
one the most significant cultural jewels of Europe. The tourists
contemplating to visit the region may
use the railroad, highways from the east or the west, or even the air. The
most attractive approach is through Cheb, Frantiskovy Lazne, Marianske
Lazne, and Loket.
The district covers an area of 1,628 sq. km and has a population of 123,000.
From a geographic stand point, it represents a very undulated area. The
Krusne Mountains, whose highest peak Klinovec reaches 1,244 m
above sea level, forms a natural border with Germany to the north. The
Doupovske Mountains lie to the east and the southern part of the
district is covered by the protected landscape area Slavkovsky les
(Slavkov Forest). - During the Tertiary period, several volcanoes were formed (Komorni Hurka, Andelska hora, Uhelny vrch). Outbursts of underground gas vapors, mineral springs and hot and warm springs can be found all around Karlovy Vary. - The Ohre River and its tributaries, the Rolava
and the Tepla, flow through the district. The Ohre River is very popular
among river men. Ski centres are located throughout the entire Krusne
mountain range and offer ideal conditions for winter holidays.
Historical Monuments and Places of Interest
Karlovy Vary – A town which is famous worldwide for its spa was
founded by Charles IV in 1352. - Hot-spring with colonnade. - The oldest
historical monument in the town is the so-called Chateau Tower built in
1358. - Church of St. Mary Magdalene with a deanery from dates 1731–1737.
- The Orthodox Church of St. Peter and St. Paul from 1896. - The Column of
the Holy Trinity from 1716. - The Church of St. Andrew from circa 1500. - A
famous golf course. - A racecourse. - The Moser glass works. - Airport.
Becov nad Teplou – A Gothic castle from the beginning of the
14th century built on the site of a former Slavic settlement. - A baroque
chateau from 1750–53.
Bozi Dar – A mountain recreation centre with a border crossing
Jachymov – The first radioactive spa in the world, founded in
1906. - A Renaissance town hall from 1544. - A royal mint. - Hospital Church
from 1516. - The Church of St. Joachim from dates 1534–1540.
Nejdek – A castle tower from 1300. - The baroque Church of St.
Martin from 1756. - Look-out tower.
Ostrov – A large chateau with summer-house situated in the
centre of the town. - St. Michael’s Church.
Tepla A large monastery complex with church from 1197, former prelate's residence and convent from 165963, and library from 1450. Teplá is one of the most fascinating monasteries in the Czech Republic. It includes the monastic library, the abbey
church, the monastic park and monastic
hospice. The monastery of Tepla, founded 1193 by Czech gentleman
blessed Hroznata, experienced in the past both periods of flourishing and
decline in accordance with overall situation of the Church, country and
nation. However, it was abolished only by totalitarian government in 1950.
This should not have been the end of the monastery. Members of the order
reintroduced monastic life in the year 1989. Decayed buildings are being
renovated by making every effort and numerous spectators have the
opportunity to visit the church, library, the available part of the
monastery as well as of making use of the hostel, though there is yet lot of
work on this project to be done.
monastic library It
belongs to the oldest and the most significant historic libraries in the
Czech Republic. With its extent it is the second largest monastic library in
Bohemia and has about 100 000 volumes. There are precious manuscripts,
paleotypes and old theological, scientific documents in many European
languages here. For the visitors the main hall is accessible with a
new-baroque style decoration.
church The church was built between 1193-1232. On 20.6.1232 the Prague bishop Jan II festively consecrated it in the presence of the Czech king Václav I. The exterior of the church is a precious illustration of the change of the roman style into the Gothic one. The interior is baroque and contains important works, such as statues by I. Platzer, frescoes by the local painter E. Dollhopf and chorus benches by the local woodcutter T. Pistl. In the northern side chapel the remains of the blessed Hroznata are deposited there. In the church there are also two baroque organs of high quality, which are used beside the divine service also for concerts of spiritual music.
monastic park Its
present form arose after gradual enlargement and conversion of the garden
and orchard in the middle of the medieval bulwarks of the monastery. The
back reconstruction of the park was accomplished at the beginning of the 20th
century. For the public it has been accessible since 1946. After gradual
restoration of the park with a water area and after building up a simple way
of cross in a rustic style a unique place for mental and physical relaxation
The Gothic Church of St. Peter and St. Paul is one of the most valuable
historical buildings in the district.
Celebrations, Pilgrimages, Festivals, etc.
The Charles IV Celebrations – Opening of the spa season – Karlovy
Flower Festival – Held in Valec
International Film Festival – Held in Karlovy Vary
Dvorak Autumn in Karlovy Vary – Held in Karlovy Vary
Karlovy Vary, a significant spa and tourist center,
is located in the picturesque valley of the small river of
Tepla. The town was founded in 1358 by Emperor Charles IV
during whose reign the medieval Czech state flourished. Legend
has it that Charles IV discovered the local warm springs
during a stag hunt. In 1370 the town was awarded the Royal
prerogatives. The development of Karlovy Vary continued in the
15th and 16th centuries. In 1522 the physician Vaclav Payer
published the first medical description of the springs. At the
end of the 16th century there existed some 200 spa houses into
whose cellar baths warm spa water was brought by wooden
troughs. Floods and fires became disastrous for the spa - the
great fire of 1604 almost destroyed it.
A new upsurge of the town was recorded in the 17th century and
continued in the 18 and 19th centuries. The visitors spread
the fame of the town, contributed to its construction and left
permanent monuments to their visit. Karlovy Vary was visited
by royalty, (August I, Petr I, Charles VI), by Czech, German,
Russian and Polish nobility, and there was an influx of
outstanding cultural figures, of them most notably Beethoven,
Schiller, Goethe, Chateaubriand, Chopin, Wagner.
To the year 1912 Karlovy Vary experienced a period of
prosperity. Proof to this are large monumental buildings and
the splendid architecture from the second half of the 19th
century which imprints on the town a uniform character and
unique charm still admired by today's visitors (the Mill
Colonnade, the Market Colonnade, the Imperial Bath and other
spa houses, the building of the theatre, Grand Hotel Pupp, the
Greek orthodox and Anglican churches).
Karlovy Vary has 12 curative springs with a temperature ranging from 42°-72°C. The hottest spring is the Vridlo which is also the oldest and which jets to a great height on Spring Colonnade (Vridelni colonnade).
The extraordinary therapeutic effects of the springs result
from the high concentration of 32-35 liberated minerals,
namely trace elements and carbon dioxide. Karlovy Vary is
known for the treatment of disorders of the metabolism and
gastric diseases and also other diseases. The treatment
consists of drinking therapy, baths, packs and other spa
procedures, active movement and the effect of the spa
There is a wonderful view of Karlovy Vary and its surroundings from Petr the Great Hill, Mount Friendship and from Charles IV Observation Point. 8 km southwest of Karlovy Vary are Svatosske Cliffs, a group of bizarre formations which represents a petrified wedding procession. This theme was developed by the brothers Grimm, Goethe, K.T. Korner and by composer H.A. Marschner in his opera Hans Heiling. 11 km northwest of Karlovy Vary is Loket
with a large 13th century Gothic castle which houses a
One of the most famous products of Karlovy Vary is the world
known herb liqueur Becherovka. BECHEROVKA is a speciality
liqueur produced solely and only from medicinal herb
extracts macerated in spirit using original Karlovy Vary
water and barrels made from oak which are placed in cellars
at a natural temperature. Every day their own laboratories
check the chemical results of the macerating processes and
the results of the maturing in barrels.
Becherovka is here for you:
As a complement to your digestive routine and its regular
and healthy functioning.
As a pleasant
and effective aperitif before meals and digestive after
As a pleasurably bitter 'long drink' for any opportunity
during the day.
As a base for many delicious cocktails, especially
aperitifs, like Be-Ton:
directly in the glass
||1 slice of lemon
||1 coctail cherry
|1 cl lemon
of orange peel for aroma
Among other famous products
of Karlovy Vary like Becherovka or
glass wonders produced
by Moser you should
taste delicious spa waffles.
Sports oriented visitors of Karlovy Vary will find quite a
few places to go too: the
racing grounds, tennis courts, an open air swimming pool
with thermal water, a sports shooting range, a winter sports
stadium, well-kept forest paths for walking
and jogging, bicycle paths, sandstone cliffs for
mountaineering, a dam lake for water sports in Brezova, area
for gliding and aerobatics and one of the best Golf
courses in the Czech Republic.
Golf Club Karlovy Vary was established in
1904 by a "Gentleman´s Fencing Club", who wanted
to increase the offer for the spa guests. So it established
a 9 hole golf course among afforested hillsides in the
beautiful valley of the river Teplá,with a length of 2300
The popularity and the number of players grew quickly. The
golf course was often crowded, therefore was decided in 1928
to build new 18 hole golf course. Karlovy Vary´s borough
council was well-disposed towards constructing a new and
modern course. They asked Mr. F. Gross from Inter - Club
Country in Vienna and his friends to find the most
convenient ground in the surrounding of the town Karlovy
Vary. They resolved to construct the new golf course near to
the village called Olsova Vrata on the field which is
situated next to the motorway in the direction of Prague.
The construction´s plans were committed to the French
architect C. Noskowski, the most famous designer at that
time. Noskowski´s work was a piece of art, the golf course
was not overpowered till today.
After 1948 the economic of the spa treatment changed, the
life style of the communist spa modified too. The golf
course in Olsova Vrata became desolated. Persons interested
in golf decreased. Social regime did not want to support
this sport. Fortunately, there was a group of enthusiasts,
who did not want to let golf in Karlovy Vary
disappear. They started to work on the course on their own.
It took more than 5 years, then the hard work of these
volunteers was appreciated. They save the big historical
value of the Karlsbad´s golf course to today's golfers.
Well-kept forest paths for walking and jogging are a very pleasant surprise for visitors of Karlovy Vary. Around the town is a complex of paths connecting interesting places. There is a wonderful view of Karlovy Vary and its surroundings from Petr the Great Hill, Mount Friendship and from Charles IV Observation Point. 8 km southwest of Karlovy Vary are the Svatos's Rocks, a group of bizarre formations which represents a petrified wedding procession. This theme was developed by the brothers Grimm, Goethe, K.T. Korner and by composer H.A. Marschner in his opera Hans Heiling. 11 km northwest of Karlovy Vary is Loket with
a large 13th century Gothic castle which houses a porcelain museum.